College Students Concerned by College Costs is joining the Association of Independent Colleges and Universities of Pennsylvania’s Student Lobby Day on April 16 in Harrisburg. We will be advocating for the Middle Income Student Debt Reduction Act that is currently before the Pennsylvania Legislature. For more information on the act please yesterday’s post.
We’ll be live tweeting the events on Twitter @CSC_Cubed. Send us your pictures and experiences there or use #studentlobbyday.
College Students Concerned by College Costs is supporting the Middle Income Student Debt Reduction Act currently being debated in the Pennsylvania Legislature. The Senate version (SB 420) is being sponsored by Senators Ward and Alloway and the House version will be introduced shortly by Representative Quinn (see the co-sponsorship memorandum here).
This law is aimed at helping families with incomes between $80,000-110,000 pay for college. Currently, this demographic finishes college with the highest average student loan debt of any income group.
The legislation proposes to reinstate $36 million that was cut from PHEAA funding last year as a new program dedicated to giving grants to families in this income group. For a complete discussion of the merits of the legislation, please see a video from Senators Alloway and Ward, as well as the Association of Independent Colleges and Universities of Pennsylvania’s website.
A Philadelphia Inquirer article on a new poll from the Stockton Polling Institute shows that adults view cost as the largest obstacle to getting a college degree. The chart below shows that all other categories of problems related to obtaining a college education pale in comparison to paying for it.
Not surprisingly, citizens place much more trust in university administrators to provide a quality education as opposed to state elected officials. However, they believe that both have the responsibility to make education more affordable. About 42% said that more state funding and financial aid is needed while 45% claim that cost control and more modest tuition increases would help more people achieve a university degree.
The Center for College Affordability has produced a report entitled “25 Ways to Reduce the Cost of College”. This is the second of a three part series outlining their recommendations.
With college costs and withdrawal rates continuing to rise, it is obvious that major changes need to take place in higher education. Institutions are not student-centered and are falling behind on innovative methods of delivering education. Students withdraw for educational, as well as financial, reasons.
Here are some potential solutions to this problem:
- To improve education quality at the institutional level, it is necessary to stimulate the desire of teachers to improve and update their teaching methods. One way to motivate teachers is to abolish tenure. This would require full-time professors to be continually evaluated in order to continue their job. Tenure could be replaced with renewable long-term employment contracts with full-time professors, which allows for flexibility as well as job security.
- To measure teaching more easily, the state could mandate that teachers work a certain number of hours per week or institutions could reward quality teaching financially. Today, the national reputation of institutions is measured through research, whereas it should be through quality teaching.
- Institutions should also maximize the use of facilities and allocate space efficiently. While institutions see increases in tuition as ways of earning revenue, they should instead rent out classrooms or recreational centers in order to earn revenue.
- Another way to increase revenue is to outsource services through sale or long-term lease of capital assets to private entrepreneurs.
With institutions freeing up spending on teachers and facilities, institutions can cap tuition increases. Students can cut down on their costs through multiple ways.
- An innovative model is to encourage students to attend community college as it saves students money.
- The acceptance of community college credits also needs to more cost efficient and standardized.
- Institutions also need to standardize the credit transfer of dual enrollment programs like Advanced Placement, on-line education, and College Level Examination Program. Not all institutions accept alternative ways of earning college credit because they reduce potential tuition revenue. The federal government could mandate that institutions accept credits from dual enrollment programs.
Higher education is fraught with debt and withdrawal rates. Changes will need to be taken by institutions and enforced by institutions and the federal government. Therefore, roles in higher education need to be defined and all need to be held accountable.
CSC3 is always looking for ways to cut the costs of college education and ensure that students do not end up with insurmountable debt in their post-graduation years. However, this proposal in the California legislature to have test-only colleges might not be one of our potential solutions. Check out the story in the Los Angeles Times.
NPR’s Morning Edition conducted a valuable interview on college debt with Ron Lieber of the New York Times (Debt and the Modern Parent of College Kids). Mr. Lieber provided tough, but common sense, solutions to the problems of financing education. Two parts of the discussion stand out.
First, he suggested that parents think of funding college in three 33% increments (the 20/20/20 plan if education were to cost $60K over four years) . First, parents could save one third of the costs of college over the period of 18 years through a manageable savings plan. Second, they could pay 1/3 of the costs out of pocket while their child was in school. He stated
“It might mean some sacrifices — some very careful budgeting, a lot of rice and beans on the table — but it’s doable.”
The final third of higher education costs could be subsidized through federal loans. The 20/20/20 plan seems sensible because
[w]hen you start to divide it into chunks, it starts to seem at least within the realm of the possible.
Mr. Lieber’s second useful suggestion involved a bit of pragmatic toughlove for parents. He says that sometimes emotions have to be trumped by rationality when children get accepted to a top tier school.
[T]here’s this feeling of ‘Can I or should I say no to my child who wants to go to a $60,000-a-year school when they’ve already gotten admission to the flagship public university in our state that only costs $20,000?’ And then there’s the question of ‘Is it worth it? What am I getting for the extra $40,000 and would we be able to pay our own debt back if we were to support the dream of our child?’ These are all deeply emotional decisions, and you have to begin by acknowledging that it’s feelings that are on the table first before you look at the hard science of the numbers.
Please listen to the rest of the story for more information on what types of loans to take out and whether it is worth it to borrow against retirement.
The University of Louisville is basking in the glory of winning the NCAA Men’s Basketball Championship last night. On Mike and Mike in the Morning (ESPN Radio & ESPN2) Mike Greenberg was upset that the NCAA would not allow the Louisville men’s basketball team to fly to New Orleans to watch the University’s women’s basketball team in the championship game tonight. He claimed that it was a ridiculous notion that attending the game was a special privilege that would in some way tarnish amateur college sports stars. Greenberg posted the following on Twitter:
Perhaps. However, there is another way to look at this issue. According to ESPN’s own data calculator, the University of Louisville subsidizes its athletics programs to the tune of $2.15 million per year. A (very) rough calculation of the costs of the team attending the game in NOLA would look something like this:
16 players, 1 head coach, 3 assistant coaches (there are more “aids” listed on the team’s website, but we’ll stick with these numbers)
Roundtrip flight from Atlanta to New Orleans: $377 each = $7540 (if they fly charter it would be more expensive)
Moderately priced double rooms for the players (a total of 8) and single rooms for the coaches: $239 each = $2868
Expense money: the federal per diem in New Orleans is $71/day = $1420
This very conservative estimate adds up to $11,828. According to the University of Louisville’s website, the cost for in-state tuition, room and board is $18,470 for 2013-14. Consequently, instead of spending the money on a trip to a basketball game, those funds could be used to pay 2/3 of the cost of a full scholarship for a University of Louisville student. Perhaps this would be a better use of funds since the school is a state supported University.